What is an attribute of the organism that enables the organism to survive and reproduce in its habitat called?

Category: QuestionsWhat is an attribute of the organism that enables the organism to survive and reproduce in its habitat called?
Editor">Editor Staff asked 2 months ago

What is an attribute of the organism that enables the organism to survive and reproduce in its habitat called?
 
(a) Homeostasis
 
(b) Adaptation
 
(c) Migration
 
(d) Hibernation
 
This question was posed to me at a job interview.
 
I’m obligated to ask this question of Organisms and Populations in division Organisms and Populations of Biology – Class 12

1 Answers
Editor">Editor Staff answered 2 months ago

Right choice is (b) Adaptation
 
To elaborate: Any attribute of the organism that enables the organism to survive and reproduce in its habitat called adaptation. It is an evolutionary process that takes place from generation to generation. It involves a character or feature or trait that helps an organism in a given habitat.