# If, A and B are arbitrary constants then what will be the differential equation of y = Ax + B/x?

Category: QuestionsIf, A and B are arbitrary constants then what will be the differential equation of y = Ax + B/x?
Editor">Editor Staff asked 11 months ago

If, A and B are arbitrary constants then what will be the differential equation of y = Ax + B/x?

(a) x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 – xdy/dx + y = 0

(b) x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + xdy/dx + y = 0

(c) x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + xdy/dx – y = 0

(d) x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 – xdy/dx – y = 0

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My doubt is from Linear Second Order Differential Equations topic in section Differential Equations of Mathematics – Class 12
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Editor">Editor Staff answered 11 months ago

Right answer is (c) x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + xdy/dx – y = 0

Easiest explanation: Given, y = Ax + B/x

=> xy = Ax^2 + B  ……….(1)

Differentiating (1) with respect to x, we get,

d(xy)/dx = d/dx(Ax^2 + B)

or, xdy/dx + y = A * 2x  ……….(2)

Differentiating again with respect to x, we get,

x*d^2y/dx^2 + dy/dx + dy/dx = A*2  ……….(3)

Eliminating A from (2) and (3) we get,

x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + 2xdy/dx = 2Ax  [multiplying (3) by x]

or, x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + 2xdy/dx = xdy/dx + y [using (2)]

or, x^2 d^2 y/dx^2 + xdy/dx – y = 0