A body is in pure rotational motion about an axis. Its angular acceleration is given by: a = 2t. What is the angular distance covered by the body from t=2s to t=3s? It starts from rest at t=0.
(a) 19/3 rad
(b) 0 rad
(c) 2/3 rad
(d) 5/3 rad
I have been asked this question in exam.
This intriguing question comes from Kinematics of Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis in portion System of Particles and Rotational Motion of Physics – Class 11
Select the correct answer from above options
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Correct choice is (a) 19/3 rad
For explanation: Let w be the angular velocity & a be the angular acceleration. Given: dw/dt = a = 2t. On integrating both sides, we get:
w = t^2 (no integration constant because w=0 at t=0).
Now, dθ/dt = w = t^2
∴ θ = t^3/3.
To find angular distance covered from t=2 to t=3, we can subtract distance covered in 2s from distance covered in 3s.
∴ θ covered = 3^3/3 – 2^3/3 = 19/3 rad.