100 Types of Software Testing with Examples and explanation
Explain Software Testing with examples
Software Testing Type is a classification of different testing activities into categories, each having, a defined test objective, test strategy, and test deliverables. The goal of having a Software testing type is to validate the Application Under Test(AUT) for the defined Test Objective.
For instance, the goal of Accessibility testing is to validate the AUT to be accessible by disabled people. So, if your Software solution must be disabled friendly, you check it against Accessibility Test Cases.
Below are the Software testing types with examples
Acceptance Testing: Formal Software testing directed to decide if a framework fulfills its acknowledgment standards and to empower the client to decide if to acknowledge the framework. It is typically performed by the client. Peruse More on Acceptance Testing
Accessibility Testing: Type of testing which decides the convenience of an item to individuals having incapacities (hard of hearing, daze, intellectually crippled and so forth) The assessment cycle is directed by people having inabilities. Peruse More on Accessibility Testing Primis Player Placeholder
Dynamic/Active Testing: Type of testing comprising in presenting test information and investigating the execution results. It is generally led by the testing group.
Agile Testing: Software testing practice that follows the standards of the coordinated pronouncement, stressing testing from the viewpoint of clients who will use the framework. It is typically performed by the QA groups. Peruse More on Agile Testing
Age Testing: Type of testing which assesses a framework’s capacity to act later on. The assessment cycle is directed by testing groups.
Specially appointed Testing: Testing performed without arranging and documentation – the analyzer attempts to ‘break’ the framework by arbitrarily attempting the framework’s usefulness. It is performed by the Software testing group. Peruse More on Ad-hoc Testing
Alpha Testing: Type of testing a product item or framework directed at the engineer’s site. Normally it is performed by the end clients. Peruse More on Alpha Testing
Affirmation Testing: Type of testing comprising in checking if the conditions affirm the item prerequisites. It is performed by the testing group.
Programming interface Testing: Testing procedure like Unit Testing in that it focuses on the code level. Programming interface Testing contrasts from Unit Testing in that it is normally a QA task and not an engineer task. Peruse More on API Testing
All-sets Testing: Combinatorial testing technique that tests all conceivable discrete blends of information boundaries. It is performed by the testing groups.
Robotized Testing: Testing procedure that utilizes Automation Testing apparatuses to control the climate set-up, test execution and results revealing. It is performed by a PC and is utilized inside the Software testing groups. Peruse More on Automated Testing
Premise Path Testing: A testing component which determines an intelligent multifaceted nature proportion of a procedural plan and utilize this as a guide for characterizing an essential arrangement of execution ways. It is utilized by testing groups when characterizing experiments. Peruse More on Basis Path Testing
In reverse Compatibility Testing: Testing technique which checks the conduct of the created programming with more seasoned renditions of the test climate. It is performed by testing group.
Beta Testing: Final testing prior to delivering application for business reason. It is normally done by end-clients or others.
Benchmark Testing: Testing method that utilizes agent sets of projects and information intended to assess the presentation of PC equipment and programming in a given arrangement. It is performed by testing groups. Peruse More on Benchmark Testing
Huge explosion Integration Testing: Testing procedure which coordinates singular program modules just when everything is prepared. It is performed by the Software testing groups.
Parallel Portability Testing: Technique that tests an executable application for compactness across framework stages and conditions, generally for adaptation to an ABI detail. It is performed by the testing groups.
Limit Value Testing: Software testing strategy in which tests are intended to incorporate delegates of limit esteems. It is performed by the QA testing groups. Peruse More on Boundary Value Testing
Base Up Integration Testing: In base up Integration Software Testing, module at the least level are grown first and different modules which go towards the ‘fundamental’ program are coordinated and tried each in turn. It is generally performed by the testing groups.
Branch Testing: Testing procedure in which all branches in the program source code are tried in any event once. This is finished by the designer.
Expansiveness Testing: A test suite that practices the full usefulness of an item yet doesn’t test includes in detail. It is performed by testing groups.
Discovery Testing: A technique for programming testing that checks the usefulness of an application without having explicit information on the application’s code/inside structure. Tests depend on necessities and usefulness. It is performed by QA groups. Peruse More on Black box Testing
Code-driven Testing: Testing method that utilizations Software testing systems, (for example, xUnit) that permit the execution of unit tests to decide if different segments of the code are going about true to form under different conditions. It is performed by the improvement groups.
Similarity Testing: Testing method that approves how well a product acts in a specific equipment/programming/working framework/network climate. It is performed by the Software testing groups. Peruse More on Compatibility Testing
Correlation Testing: Testing procedure which contrasts the item qualities and shortcomings and past renditions or other comparative items. Can be performed by analyzer, engineers, item supervisors or item proprietors. Peruse More on Component Testing
Part Testing: Testing procedure like unit testing however with a more elevated level of reconciliation – testing is done with regards to the application rather than just straightforwardly testing a particular strategy. Can be performed by testing or advancement groups.
Arrangement Testing: Testing procedure which decides negligible and ideal design of equipment and programming, and the impact of adding or adjusting assets, for example, memory, circle drives and CPU. Generally it is performed by the Performance Testing engineers. Peruse More on Configuration Testing
Condition Coverage Testing: Type of programming testing where each condition is executed by making it valid and bogus, in every one of the ways in any event once. It is regularly made by the Automation Testing groups.
Consistence Testing: Type of testing which checks whether the framework was created as per principles, methodology and rules. It is generally performed by outer organizations which offer “Guaranteed OGC Compliant” brand.
Simultaneousness Testing: Multi-client testing equipped towards deciding the impacts of getting to a similar application code, module or information base records. It normally done by execution engineers. Peruse More on Concurrency Testing
Conformance Testing: The way toward testing that an execution adjusts to the determination on which it is based. It is normally performed by testing groups. Peruse More on Conformance Testing
Setting Driven Testing: An Agile Testing strategy that advocates ceaseless and innovative assessment of testing openings considering the potential data uncovered and the estimation of that data to the association at a particular second. It is typically performed by Agile testing groups.
Transformation Testing: Testing of projects or strategies used to change over information from existing frameworks for use in substitution frameworks. It is typically performed by the QA groups.
Choice Coverage Testing: Type of programming testing where each condition/choice is executed by setting it on evident/bogus. It is ordinarily made by the computerization testing groups.
Dangerous Testing: Type of testing in which the tests are done to the example’s disappointment, so as to comprehend an example’s basic presentation or material conduct under various burdens. It is typically performed by QA groups. Peruse More on Destructive Testing
Reliance Testing: Testing type which analyzes an application’s prerequisites for prior programming, starting states and arrangement so as to keep up legitimate usefulness. It is generally performed by testing groups.
Dynamic Testing: Term utilized in programming designing to depict the testing of the dynamic conduct of code. It is commonly performed by testing groups. Peruse More on Dynamic Testing
Space Testing: White box testing procedure which contains checkings that the program acknowledges just legitimate info. It is normally done by programming improvement groups and once in a while via robotization testing groups.
Mistake Handling Testing: Software testing type which decides the capacity of the framework to appropriately deal with incorrect exchanges. It is generally performed by the testing groups.
Start to finish Testing: Similar to framework testing, includes testing of a total application climate in a circumstance that imitates genuine use, for example, associating with an information base, utilizing network correspondences, or collaborating with other equipment, applications, or frameworks if suitable. It is performed by QA groups. Peruse More on End-to-end Testing
Perseverance Testing: Type of testing which checks for memory spills or different issues that may happen with delayed execution. It is normally performed by execution engineers. Peruse More on Endurance Testing
Exploratory Testing: Black box testing strategy performed without arranging and documentation. It is generally performed by manual analyzers. Peruse More on Exploratory Testing
Proportionality Partitioning Testing: Software testing strategy that separates the info information of a product unit into allotments of information from which experiments can be inferred. it is normally performed by the QA groups. Peruse More on Equivalence Partitioning Testing
Issue infusion Testing: Element of an exhaustive test procedure that empowers the analyzer to focus on the way where the application under test can deal with special cases. It is performed by QA groups.
Formal confirmation Testing: The demonstration of demonstrating or invalidating the rightness of expected calculations fundamental a framework as for a specific conventional particular or property, utilizing formal strategies for arithmetic. It is typically performed by QA groups.
Smoke Testing: Testing technique which examines all the basic components of a software system to ensure that they work properly. Typically, smoke testing is conducted by the testing team, immediately after a software build is made. Read More on Smoke Testing
Storage Testing: Testing type that verifies the program under test stores data files in the correct directories and that it reserves sufficient space to prevent unexpected termination resulting from lack of space. It is usually performed by the testing team. Read More on Storage Testing
Stress Testing: Testing technique which evaluates a system or component at or beyond the limits of its specified requirements. It is usually conducted by the performance engineer. Read More on Stress Testing
Structural Testing: White box testing technique which takes into account the internal structure of a system or component and ensures that each program statement performs its intended function. It is usually performed by the software developers.
System Testing: The process of testing an integrated hardware and software system to verify that the system meets its specified requirements. It is conducted by the testing teams in both development and target environment. Read More on System Testing
System integration Testing: Testing process that exercises a software system’s coexistence with others. It is usually performed by the testing teams. Read More on System integration Testing
Top Down Integration Testing: Testing technique that involves starting at the top of a system hierarchy at the user interface and using stubs to test from the top down until the entire system has been implemented. It is conducted by the testing teams.
Thread Testing: A variation of top-down testing technique where the progressive integration of components follows the implementation of subsets of the requirements. It is usually performed by the testing teams. Read More on Thread Testing
Upgrade Testing: Testing technique that verifies if assets created with older versions can be used properly and that user’s learning is not challenged. It is performed by the testing teams.
Unit Testing: Software verification and validation method in which a programmer tests if individual units of source code are fit for use. It is usually conducted by the development team. Read More on Unit Testing
User Interface Testing: Type of testing which is performed to check how user-friendly the application is. It is performed by testing teams. Read More on User Interface Testing
Usability Testing: Testing technique which verifies the ease with which a user can learn to operate, prepare inputs for, and interpret outputs of a system or component. It is usually performed by end users. Read More on Usability Testing
Volume Testing: Testing which confirms that any values that may become large over time (such as accumulated counts, logs, and data files), can be accommodated by the program and will not cause the program to stop working or degrade its operation in any manner. It is usually conducted by the performance engineer. Read More on Volume Testing
Vulnerability Testing: Type of testing which regards application security and has the purpose to prevent problems which may affect the application integrity and stability. It can be performed by the internal testing teams or outsourced to specialized companies. Read More on Vulnerability Testing
White box Testing: Testing technique based on knowledge of the internal logic of an application’s code and includes tests like coverage of code statements, branches, paths, conditions. It is performed by software developers. Read More on White box Testing
Workflow Testing: Scripted end-to-end testing technique which duplicates specific workflows which are expected to be utilized by the end-user. It is usually conducted by testing teams. Read More on Workflow Testing
Dependency Testing: Testing type which examines an application’s requirements for pre-existing software, initial states and configuration in order to maintain proper functionality. It is usually performed by testing teams.
Dynamic Testing: Term used in software engineering to describe the testing of the dynamic behavior of code. It is typically performed by Software testing teams. Read More on Dynamic Testing
Domain Testing: White box testing technique which contains checkings that the program accepts only valid input. It is usually done by software development teams and occasionally by automation testing teams.
Error-Handling Testing: Software testing type which determines the ability of the system to properly process erroneous transactions. It is usually performed by the Software testing teams.
End-to-end Testing: Similar to system testing, involves testing of a complete application environment in a situation that mimics real-world use, such as interacting with a database, using network communications, or interacting with other hardware, applications, or systems if appropriate. It is performed by QA teams. Read More on End-to-end Testing
Endurance Testing: Type of testing which checks for memory leaks or other problems that may occur with prolonged execution. It is usually performed by performance engineers. Read More on Endurance Testing
Exploratory Testing: Black box testing technique performed without planning and documentation. It is usually performed by manual testers. Read More on Exploratory Testing
Equivalence Partitioning Testing: Software testing technique that divides the input data of a software unit into partitions of data from which test cases can be derived. it is usually performed by the QA teams. Read More on Equivalence Partitioning Testing
Fault injection Testing: Element of a comprehensive test strategy that enables the tester to concentrate on the manner in which the application under test is able to handle exceptions. It is performed by QA teams.
Formal verification Testing: The act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics. It is usually performed by QA teams.
Functional Testing: Type of black box testing that bases its test cases on the specifications of the software component under test. It is performed by testing teams. Read More on Functional Testing
Fuzz Testing: Software testing technique that provides invalid, unexpected, or random data to the inputs of a program – a special area of mutation testing. Fuzz testing is performed by Software testing teams. Read More on Fuzz Testing
Gorilla Testing: Software testing technique which focuses on heavily testing of one particular module. It is performed by quality assurance teams, usually when running full testing.
Below are the Characteristics Of A Great Software Tester
#1) Never Promise 100% Coverage
Saying 100% coverage on paper is easy but practically it is impossible. So never promise to anyone including your clients about total Test coverage. In business there is a philosophy – “Under promise and over-deliver.” So don’t the goal for 100% coverage but focus on the quality of your tests.
Good Software Tester
#2) Ensure End-User Satisfaction
Always think about what can make an end-user happy. How they can use the product with ease? Don’t stop by testing the standard requirements alone. The end-user can be happy only when you provide an error-free product.
#3) Think from the Users Perspective
Every product is developed for the customers. Customers may or may not be technical persons. If you don’t consider the scenarios from their perspective you will miss many important bugs. So put yourself in their shoes. Know your end-users first. Their age, education even the location can matter most while using the product.
Make sure to prepare your test scenarios and test the data accordingly. After all, the project is said to be successful only if the end-user is able to use the application successfully.
#4) Don’t Compromise On Quality
Don’t compromise after certain testing stages. There is no limit for Software testing until you produce a quality product. Quality is a word made by Software testers to achieve more effective testing. Compromising at any level leads to a defective product, so don’t do that at any point.
#5) Prioritize Tests
First, identify the important tests and then prioritize the execution based on test importance. Never ever execute test cases sequentially without deciding the priority. This will ensure that all your important test cases get executed early and you won’t cut down on these at the last stage of release cycle due to time pressure.
Also, consider the defect history while estimating test efforts. In most cases, defect count at the beginning is more and goes on reducing at the end of the test cycle.
#6) Be Open to Suggestions
Listen to everyone even though you are an authority on the project having in-depth project knowledge. There is always scope for improvements and getting suggestions from fellow software testers is a good idea. Everyone’s feedback to improve the quality of the project would certainly help you to release bug-free software.
#7) Learn to Negotiate
Testers must negotiate with everyone in all the stages of a project lifecycle. Especially negotiation with the developers is more important. Developers can do anything to prove that their code is correct and the defect logged by the testers is not valid. It requires great skills to convince the developers about the defect and get it resolved.
#8) Start Early
Don’t wait until you get your first build for testing. Start analyzing the requirements, preparing Test cases, Test plan and Test strategy documents in the early design phase. Starting early to test helps to visualize the complete project scope and hence planning can be done accordingly.
Most of the defects can be detected in the early design and analysis phase saving huge time and money. Early requirement analysis will also help you to question the design decisions.
#9) Identify and Manage Risks
Risks are associated with every project. Risk management is a three-step process. Risk identification, analysis, and mitigation. Incorporate risk driven testing process. Priorities of software testing are based on risk evaluation.
#10) Develop Good Analyzing Skill
This is a must for requirement analysis but even further this could be helpful for understanding customer feedback while defining the Test strategy. Question everything around you. This will trigger the analysis process and it will help you to resolve many complex problems.
#11) Be Skeptical
Don’t believe that the build given by the developers is a Bug-free or quality outcome. Question everything. Accept the build only if you test and find it defect free. Don’t believe anyone whatever is the designation they hold, just apply your knowledge and try to find the errors. You need to follow this until the last phase of the Software testing cycle.
#12) Focus on Negative Side as Well
Testers should have the test to break attitude. Concentrating only on the positive side will almost certainly create many security issues in your application. You should be the hacker of your project to keep other hackers away from it. Negative Software testing is equally important. So cover a good chunk of your test cases based on the negative scenarios.
#13) Do Market Research
Don’t think that your responsibility is just to validate software against the set of requirements. Be proactive, do your product market research and provide suggestions to improve it. This research will also help you to understand your product and its market.
#14) Be a Good Judge of Your Product
A Judge usually thinks if something is right or wrong. A judge will listen to both sides. The same is applicable for Software testing as well. As a Software Tester if you think something as right, try to prove it why it is not wrong and later accept it. You must have a valid reason for all your decisions.
Though some software testers think that this is not our task, explaining the true impact of any issue is very helpful for the developers to quickly understand the overall scenario and its implications. This requires years of practice but once you learn to negotiate you will gain more respect.
#15) Stop the Blame Game
It’s common to blame others for any defects which are not caught in Software testing. This is even more common when the tester’s responsibilities are not defined concretely. But in any situation never blame anyone. If an error occurs, first try to resolve it rather than finding someone to blame.
As a human everybody makes mistake, so try to avoid blaming others. Work as a team to build team spirit.
#16) Finally, Be a Good Observer
Observe things happening around you. Keep a track of all the major and minor things on your project. Observe the way of developing the code, types of Software testing and its objective. Observe and understand the test progress and make necessary changes if it is off the track in terms of schedule or Software testing activities.
This skill will essentially help you to keep yourself updated and get ready for the course of action for any situation.